A Phoenician-Punic settlement during ancient times, Ibiza contains within its Renaissance walls an interesting legacy from all the different cultures that populated it. This artistic wealth is found in the monumental area of Dalt Vila, in the necropolis of Es Puig des Molins and in the archaeological site of Sa Caleta. The beauty of the island capital is enhanced by the sands and coves at Figueretes, Es Viver and Talamanca, as well as by its the diverse marine ecosystem.
The two most noteworthy aspects of Ibiza, its biodiversity and its culture have made it worthy of being declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Carthaginians founded the ancient Ibosim in the year 654 B.C. In little over a century, the place became a strategic colony in the Western Mediterranean. Roman Ebusus, called Yabisah under Muslim rule, would be governed by the king Jaume I after it was reconquered in 1235. Continuous sieges by pirates led the city to be strengthened with walls in the 16th century.The population is currently divided between the fishing districts of Marina and Sa Penya, as the lower part of the city is known, and Dalt Vila, an area of monuments located in the upper part of the city and declared World Heritage. It is surrounded by well-preserved walls from Renaissance times that were commissioned by the kings Felipe II and Carlos V and were used as a model for building other fortifications in the New World. The considerable height of its bastions affords the best views of the city and the port that is laid out at its feet.
Ibiza gastronomy combines a wide range of Balearic specialities and ones that are specific to the island. So pork product have an important place with a good example of sobrasada, a chopped meat sausage that is cured with spices. The Frità de Polp and the Bollit de Peix made from rice and fish are also typical. For dessert, you can choose between flaó (a dish of Arabic origins made from ricotta cheese and spearmint), orelletes, puff pastry and almond cakes, or frígola from Ibiza, one of the many liqueurs produced in the Balearic Islands.The island of Ibiza can be visited starting out from the capital. Several kilometres to the northeast is the municipality of Santa Eulària des Riu, with the church located on the Puig de Missa. Further on is the Portinatx, a tourist centre with beautiful coves and a seaside feel. Lastly, Sant Antoni de Portmany and the municipality of Sant Josep combine the best eastern beaches, besides being one of the liveliest spots on the island.